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CARD,W. 1995a. 1995 North American regional Asian forest monitor studbook. Dallas, Zoo, Texas.
CARD,W. 1995b. Captive maintenence and reproduction of Gould's monitor lizard (Varanus gouldii). Reptiles July:84-91.
CARD,W. 1995c. Gray's monitor lizard (Varanus olivaceus) at the Dallas Zoo. Reptiles. September:79-85.
CARD,W. & KLUGE,A.G. 1995. Hemipenal skeleton and varanid lizard systematics. J.Herpetol. 29(2)275-280.
CARLZEN,H. 1982. Breeding green tree monitors. Herpetology Journal 12 (2):4-6.
CARPENTER,C.C., GILLINGHAM,J.C., MURPHY,J.B. & MITCHELL,L.A. 1976. . A further analysis of the combat ritual of Varanus gilleni. Herpetologica 32:35-40
CARTER,D.B. 1989. Courtship and mating in wild Varanus varius. Abstracts of International  Symposium on Varanids :5.
CARTER,D.B. 1989. Reproductive cycle of female Varanus varius in southeastern Australia. Abstracts of International  Symposium on Varanids:5.
CARTER,D.B. 1989. Evidence of parental involvement in the release of hatchling Varanus varius from termite mounds. Abstracts; World First Congress of Herpetology. Canterbury, England.
CARTER,D.B. 1990. Courtship and mating in wild Varanus varius. Mem. Queensland Mus. 29(2):333-338.
CARTER,D.B. 1991. Reproductive cycle of female Varanus varius in Southeastern Australia. Mertensiella 2:266
CARTER,D.B.1991. Courtship and mating in wild Varanus varius (Varanidae: Australia). Mertensiella 2:266.
CARTER,T. 1924. Birds of the Broome Hill District, Part 3. Emu 23:306-318.
CASE,T. & SCHWANER,T. 1993. Island/mainland body size differences in Australian varanid lizards. Oecologia 94:102-109.
CATIBOG-SINHA,C. 1984. A documentation of animal tracks of some Philippine wildlife species. Sylatrop ( (3-4):141-166
CHAKRABORTY,S. & CHAKRABORTY,R, 1987. . Killing of the yellow monitor Varanus flavescens in some villages of Birbhum district, West Bengal, India. J.Bombay N.H.S. 84 (2):450-452
CHAMPION,F.W. 1935. Notes on the Indian monitors in the United Provinces. J. Bombay. N.H.S. 37:740-741.
CHANDRA,H. 1987. Some observations on the predatory behaviour of the desert monitor Varanus griseus. Plant Prot.Bull. (Faridabad) 39(4):22-23.ns
CHANDRA,H. & CHARAN,S. 1983. Some lizard predators of acridids of SouthWestern Afghanistan. Plant Prot.Bull. (Faridabad) 33(3-4):153-155.ns
CHARLTON.P.E. 1973. Observations on the Nile monitor lizard In Natal.  J. Herpetol. Assoc. Africa 11: 19.
CHIPPINDALE,P. 1991. Captive breeding of the Timor monitor (Varanus timorensis similis). Herp. Review 22(2):52-53.
CHRISTIAN,K.A. & CONLEY,K.E. 1994. Activity and resting metabolism of varanid lizards compared with 'typical' lizards. Australian Journal Zoology 42(2):185-193.
CHRISTIAN,K.A. & WEAVERS,B.W. 1994. Analysis of the activity and energetics of the lizard Varanus rosenbergi. Copeia 1994 (2):289-295.
CHRISTIAN,T. 1977. Notes on Varanus glebopalma. Vic. Herp. Soc. Newsletter 6: 11-13. ns
CHRISTIAN,T. 19** Notes on Spencer's monitor (Varanus spenceri).  Vic. Herp. Soc. Newsletter 14:13-14.ns
CHRISTIAN,T.1981. Varanus tristis - a variable monitor. Herpetofauna 12(2):7-12
CHRISTIE,W. 1984. Successful introduction technique of three incompatible male lace monitors at the Indianapolis Zoo. 6th Ann. Symp. Capt. Prop. Husb, Thurmond, Md; 206-210. Reptile Symposium on captive Propogation and Husbandry Zoological Consortium Inc.
CISSE,M. 1971. La Diapause chex les Varanides du Senegal. Notes. Africaines. No 131.IFAN Dakar:57-67. #
CISSE,M. 1972. L'Alimentaire des Varanides au Senegal. Bull.L'inst. Francais Afr. Noire. ser A. 39:503-515. #
CISSE,M. 1976. Le cycle genital des Varans du Senegal. Bull L'institute Francais Afr. Noire (Sci.Nat.). 38:188-205.#
CLEMENT,H. 1962.Catatonia in captive Varanus bengalensis. Bull.Phil.Herp.Soc. 104(63):35.
CLEMENTS,B.N. 1968. Lizard love. Lammergeyer 9:53.
CLOUDSLEY-THOMPSON,J.L. 1967. Water relations and diurnal rhythm of activity in the young Nile monitor. Brit. J. Herp. 3 (12):296-300.
CLOUDSLEY-THOMPSON,J.L. 1969. Diunal rhythm of activity in the Nile monitor. Brit.J.Herpet. 4 (5):112-114.
COCHRAN,D.M. 1930. The herpetological collections made by Dr Hugh M. Smith in Siam from 1923-1929. Proc. US Nat.Mus. 7(11):1-39.
COGGER,H.G. 1959.Australian Goannas. Aus.Mus.Mag. 13:71-75.
 COGGER,H.G. 1962.. Reptile studies in the Musgrove Ranges. Aus.Nat.Hist. 14:51-56
COGGER,H.G. 1964. A reptile - collecting expedition to New Guinea. Aust. Nat Hist. 1964: 363-368.
COGGER,H.G. 1967. Australian Reptiles in Colour. Reed, Sydney. 112pp.
COGGER,H.G. 1973. Aust. Nat. Hist. 17 (9):311-316. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Coburg Peninsular.
COGGER,H.G. 1981.  A biogeographical study of the Arhemland herpetofauna.In BANKS & MARTINS (Eds.) Proc of Melbourne Herpetological Symposium: 148-155. Zoological Board of Victoria, Melbourne.
COGGER,H.G. 1983. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. 3rd ed. Reed, Sydney.
COGGER,H.G. 1993. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia 4th ed.
COGGER,H.G. & HEATWOLE,H. 1981 Australian Reptiles: origins, biogeography, distribution patterns and island evolution  In KEAST (ed) Ecological biogeography of Australia. W.Junk, The Hague.
COLLINS,P., 1956. My "Komodo Dragon" circus. Animal Kingdom 59(2):34-42.
CONTRERAS,A.M. 1980. Butaan could be saved. Canopy 9(6): 10.
COOPER, W.E. 1989. Prey odour discrimination in the Varanoid lizards Heloderma suspectum and Varanus exanthematicus.  Ethology 81: 250-258.
COOPER,W.E. 1993. Duration of poststrike elevation in tongue-flicking rate in the savannah monitor lizard Varanus exanthematicus. Ethology Ecology & Evolution 5:1-18.
CORKILL,N.L. 1928. . Notes on the desert monitor (Varanus griseus) and the spiny-tailed lizard (Uromastix microlepis). J.Bombay.Nat.Hist.Soc. 32:608-610
COTT,H.D. 1934. A collection of lizards from Portugese East Africa. Proc .Zool. Soc. London  145-173
COTT,H.B. 1960. Scientific results of an enquiry into the ecology and economic status of the Nile crocodile in Uganda and northern Rhodesia.  Trans.Zool.Soc. London. 29:212-356.
COWLES,R.D. 1928. The life history of Varanus  niloticus. Science. 67:317-318.
COWLES,R.B. 1930. The life history of Varanus niloticus as observed in Natal, South Africa. J.Entom.Zool. 22(1):1-31.
COX,B., SAVAGE,R.J.G. GARDINER,B. & DIXON,D. McMillan illustrated encyclopedia of dinosaurs and prehistoric animals. Guild Publishing, London.
CRAIG,J. & SHINE,R. 1985. The seasonal timing of reproduction: A tropical - termperate comparison in Australian lizards. Oecologica 67:464-474.
CZECHURA,G.V. 1980. Varanus prasinus in northern Queensland. Mem.Queensland Mus. 20(1):103-109.
DALE,F.D. 1973. Forty Queensland Lizards. Queensland Museum Booklet no 8.
DALTRY,J. 1991. The social hierarchy of the water monitor Varanus salvator. Hamadryad 16(12):10-20.
DANIEL,J.C. 1983. The Book of Indian Reptiles. Bombay N.H.S. pp1-141.
DARBY,G. 1955 Aquatic raider. Varanus niloticus. Lammergeyer 9(1):59-61.
DAREVSKY,I.S. 1963. Zu Besuch bei den Komodo waranen. Aquar. Terrar. 10 (1): 65-80.
DAREVSKY, I.S. 1964. Die Reptilien der Inseln Komodo, Padar und Rintja im Kleinen  Sunda - Archipel, Indonesien.  Senck. Biol. 45 (3/5): 563-576.
DAREVSKY,I.S. & AUFFENBERG, W. 1973. Growth records of large recaptured Komodo monitors (Varanus komodoensis). HISS News J. 1 (2): 41-42.
DAREVSKY,I.S. & KADARSAN,S. 1964. On the biology of the giant Indonesian lizard Varanus komodoensis. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 43:1355-1360. #
DAREVSKY,I.S. & STUSAK,I.M. 1968. Zool. Zhurn. 47 (7):1106-1108. A case of recapture of Varanus komodoensis on Komodo Island in 1962 by the Indonesian-Soviet zoological expedition.
DARLINGTON,J.1984. Monitor eggs. (V.albigularis). Bull.E.Afr.Nat.Hist.Soc. 27(March-April).
DAS,I. 1988. Monitor lizards in eastern India, a survey of status and trade. Unpublished consultancy report to CITES.
DAS,I. 1989. Indian monitor lizards: A review of human utilisation patterns. Hamadryad 14 (1):16-19.
DAS,I. 1989. New evidence of water monitor (Varanus salvator) in Meghalaya. Journal Bombay Natural History Society 86 (2): 253-255.
DAVID,R. 1970. Breeding the Mugger crocodile and the water monitor. Int.Zoo Yrbk. 10:116-117.
DAVIS,R., DARLING,R. & DARLINGTON.A. 1986. Ritualised Combat in captive Varanus dumerilli. Herpet. Rev.17(4):85-86.
DAVIS,R.B. & PHILLIPS,L.G. 1991. A method of sexing Dumeril's monitor, Varanus dumerili. Herp. Review 22(1):18-19.
DEDLMAR,A. 1994. Haltung und Nachzucht des Smaragdwarans (Varanus (Odatria) prasinus). Salamandra 30(4):234-240.#
DE JONG,J.K. 1927. Reptiles from Dutch New Guinea. Nova Guinea 15:296-318.
DE JONG,J.K. 1944. Newly hatched Varanus komodoensis. Treubia 18: 143-154.
DELEAN,S. 1980. Herpetofauna. 12 (1): 35. A new record of the pygmy mulga monitor Varanus gilleni (LUCAS & FROST).
DELEAN,S. 1981. Notes on aggressive behaviour by Gould's goanna (Varanus gouldii) in captivity. Herpetofauna. 12 (2): 31.
DERANIYAGALA,P.E.P. 1931. Some Ceylonese lizards. Spolia Zeylanica 16:139-180.
DERANIYAGALA,P.E.P. 1944. Four new races of Varanus salvator. Spolia Zeylanica 24(1):59-65.
DERANIYAGALA,P.E.P. 1947. The names of water monitors of Ceylon, the Nicobars and Malaya. Proc.3rd Ann.Sess.Ceylon Ass.Sci. II Abstracts:12.
DERANIYAGALA,P.E.P. 1953. A coloured atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon. Volume 2: Tetrapod Reptilia. Ceylon Govt. Press.
DERANIYAGALA,P.E.P. 1958. Reproduction in the monitor lizard Varanus bengalensis. Spolia Zeylanica 28 (2):161 - 166
DERANIYAGALA,P.E.P.1961. The water monitor of the Andaman Islands - a distinct subspecies. Spolia Zeylanica 29(2): 203-207.
DERANIYAGALA,R.Y. 1958. Pseudo-combat of Varanus bengalensis. Spolia Zeylanica 28(2):159.
DE WAAL,S.W.P. 1978. The Squamata (Reptilia) of the Orange Free State, South Africa. Mem. Nat.Mus. Blomfeintein. 11; 1-60.
DHARMAKUMARSINHJI,K.S. 1978. The changing wildlife of Kathiawar. J. Bombay N.H.S. 75:632-650.
DIAL,K.P. & VAUGHAN,T.A. 1987. Opportunistic predation on alate termites in Kenya. Biotropica 19:185-187.
DIAMOND,J.M. 1987. Did Komodo dragons evolve to eat pygmy elephants? Nature 326: 832.
DICK,B.B. 1980. Some observations and recordings of reptiles in the northern coastal Bay of Plenty. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 12 (1): 26-29.
DITMARS,R.L. 1910. Reptiles of the World. Macmillan Co. N.Y.
DRYDEN,G.L. 1965. The feeding habits of Varanus indicus on Guam. Micronesia 2:73-76.
DRYDEN,G., GREEN,B., KING,D. & LOSOS,J. Water and energy turnover in a small monitor lizard, Varanus acanthurus. Aust. Wildl. Res. 1990. 17:641-646.
DRYDEN,G.L. & TAYLOR,E.H. 1969.  Reptiles from Mariana and Caroline Islands. Kansas Univ.Sci.Bull. 58(8):269-279
DRYDEN,G.L. & WIKRAMANAYAKE,E.D. 1991. Space and time sharing by Varanus salvator and V.bengalensis in Sri Lanka. Mertensiella 2:111-119.
VAN DUINEN,J.J. 1983. Varanenkweek in het Noorderdierenpark te Emmen. Lacerta 42(1): 12-14. #
DUJSEBAYEVA,T. 1995. Varanus griseus (desert monitor lizard) reproduction. Herp. Review 26(2):100.
DUNGER,G.T. 1967. Lizards and Snakes of Nigeria Pt.3. Nigerian Field 32:170-178
DUNSON,W.A. 1974. Salt gland secretion in a mangrove monitor. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 47A:1245-1255.
DUTT,K 1968.  A karyotype study of Varanus monitor. Caryologia 21:1-10
EARLL,C.R. 1982. Heating, cooling and oxygen consumption rates in Varanus bengalensis. Comp.Biochem.Physiol. 72A:377-381.
EDMUND,A.G. 1960. Tooth replacement phenomena in lower vertebrates. Royal Ontario Mus. Life.Sci. Contrib.52:1-190.
EDMUND,A.G. 1969. Dentition. In GANS, BELLAIR & PARSONS (eds). Biology of the Reptilia. Vol 1:Morphology.
EDROMA,E.L. & SSALI,W.1983. Observations on the Nile monitor in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda.  Afr.J.Ecol. 21:197-201.
EHMANN, H.F.W. 1976. The Reptiles of the Mt. Lofty ranges, South Australia. Part 1. Herpetofauna 8 (1): 2-5
EHMANN, H.F.W. 1976. The Reptiles of the Mt. Lofty ranges, South Australia. Part 2. Herpetofauna 8 (2): 5-12.
EHMANN,H. 1992. Encyclopedia of Australian animals: Reptiles. Angus & Robertson, Pymble N.S.W.
EHMANN,H, SWAN,G, SWAN,G. & SMITH,B. 1991. Nesting, egg incubation and hatching by the heath monitor Varanus rosenbergi in a termite mound. Herpetofauna 21(1):17-24.
EIDENMULLER,B. 1986. Observations on the care and recent breeding of Varanus timorensis timorensis. Salamandra 22 (2/3):157-161.#
EIDENMULLER,B. 1989. Beobachtungen bei der Haltung und Nachzucht von Varanus (Odatria) tristis orientalis. Salamandra. 25 (3/4):265-271. #
EIDENMULLER,B. 1990. Beobachtungen bei der Haltung und Nachzucht von Varanus (Varanus) mertensi Glauert 1951. Salamandra 26 (2/3):132-139. #
EIDENMULLER,B. 1991. Kurze Mitteilungen. Salamandra 27 (4):282-283.
EIDENMULLER,B. 1992a. Bermerkungen zur Haltung von Waranen. Monitor/Frankfurt. 1 (1):7-13.
EIDENMULLER,B. 1992b. Einige Bermerkungen uber die Zeitigungsparamater von Warangelegen. Monitor/Frankfurt. 1 (1):14-20.
EIDENMULLER,B. 1993. Bisher nicht deschriebene Verhaltensweisen von Varanus flavirufus, V.acanthurus und V.storri im Terrarium. Monitor 2(2):11-21.
EIDENMULLER,B. 1994. Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Zucht von Varanus acanthurus, V.storri und V.gilleni. Herpetofauna 16 (88):6-12.#
EIDENMULLER,B. & HORN,H.G. 1985.  Eigene Nachzucht und der gegenwartige Stand der Nachzucht von Varanus storri. Salamandra 21(1):55-61. #
EIDENMULLER,B. & WICKER,R. 1991. Einige Beobachtungen bei der Pflege und Nachzucht von Varanus (Odatria) timorensis similis MERTENS, 1958. Salamandra 27(3):187-192.
EIDENMULLER,B. & R.WICKER. 1993. Varanus (Odatria) prasinus beccarii (DORIA 1874) Pflege und Zucht. Salamandra 28 (3/4):171-178.#
EISELT,J. 1970. Ergebnisse Zoologischer Sammelreisen in der Turkei Bemarkenswerte Funde von Reptilien, 1. Ann.Nat.Mus.Wien.74:343-355.
ENRIGHT,B. 1989. Notes on breeding the Nile monitor (Varanus niloticus) in captivity. Ontario Herp. Soc. Newsl. 21:8-9.
ERDFELDER,K.H. 1984. Haltung und Zucht des Stachelschwanzwarans, Varanus acanthurus. Sauria 1: 9-11.
ERDELEN,W. 1988. Survey of the status of Varanus salvator in south Sumatra. Unpublished consultancy report to CITES.
ERDELEN,W. 1991. Conservation and population biology of the Water Monitor, Varanus salvator LAURENTI in Southern Sumatra. Mertensiella 2:120-135.
ESTES,R. 1983 Teil 10 A Sauria terrestria, Amphisbaenia, in Wellnhofer,P. (ed.) Handbuch der Palaoherpetologie, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart: 179-189.
ESTES,R. 1984. Fish, amphibians and reptiles from the Etadunna formation, Miocene of South Australia. Aust.Zool. 21 (4):335-343.
ETHERIDGE,R. 1967. Lizard caudal vertebrae. Copeia (4):709.
ETTLING,J. 1992. Captive breeding news: Malayan water monitors. AAZPA communique. September.
FAGOTTO,F.1985. Larger animals of Somalia. Envir.Cons.12:260-264.
FALK,K. 1921.  Sudwestafrikanische Reptilen und ihre Heimat. Wiss. Aquar. Terrar. Kunde 18:231-232.
FEJERVARY,G.J.de. 1918. A contribution on fossil Varanidae. Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Hung. 16:341-467.
FEJERVARY,G.J.de. 1935.  A further contribution to fossil Varanidae. Ann. Hist .Nat. Mus .Hung. 29:1-130
FISHER, H.I. 1948. Locality records of Pacific island reptiles and amphibians. Copeia 1948 1: 69
FITCH,H.S. 1981. Sexual size differences in reptiles. Univ.Kansas Mus.Nat.Hist. Misc.Publ. 70:1-72.
FITCH,H.S. 1982. Reproductive cycles in tropical reptiles. Univ.Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Occ. Pap. 96:1-53.
FITZGERALD,M. 1983. A New South Wales record for the freckled tree monitor Varanus tristis orientalis. Herpetofauna 15(1):23.
FITZSIMMONS,V.F.M. 1943. The Lizards of South Africa. Transvaal  Mus.Mem. no.1:1-528.
FLEAY,D. 1950. Goannas- giant lizards of the Australian bush. Animal Kingdom 53: 92-96.
FLEAY,R. 1958.  How to capture a goanna. Animal Kingdom 61:73-75.
FLOWER,S.S. 1899. .Notes on a second collection of reptiles made in the Malayan peninsula and Siam. Proc.Zool.Soc.London :600-697
FLOWER,S.S. 1925 Duration of life in vertebrate animals Pt.III: Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 911-981
FLOWER,S.S. 1933. Some notes on the recent amphibians and reptiles of Egypt.  Proc. Zool. Soc.London :735-851.
FLOWER,S.S. 1937. Further notes on duration of life in vertebrate animals. III Reptiles. Proc.Zool.Soc.London 1937A: 1-39.
FLUGI,U. 1990. Bericht uber die Haltung und nachzucht des Storr'schen Zwergwarans (Varanus storri). Herpetofauna (Weinstadt) 12 (67):31-34.
FOSBERG,F.R. 1956. The Military Geography of the Northern Marshalls. Engineer Intelligence Study. H.Q. U.S. Army Forces Far East. ns
FRANCAZ,J-M, DUDEMAINE,M. VERNET,R. & GRENOT,C. 1976. . Etude de l'evolution de la temperature et du rythme cardiaque chez le Lezard Varanus griseus par radiotelemerie. C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris t282 series D:1199-1201
FRANCAZ,J-M, VERNET,R. 1978. Radiotelemetric observations on temperature and heart rate in the Saharan monitor Varanus griseus, under natural conditions. Biotelemetry IV: 175-178.
FRAUCA,H. 1966. Harry Frauca's book of reptiles. Jacaranda Press, Brisbane. 100pp.
FRITZ,J.P. & FRITZ,B. 1991. Karyotypic characterization of Varanus yemenesis (Reptilia: Varanidae). Mertensiella 2:136-142.
FROST,M. 1995. Dumeril's monitors hatched at Zoo Atlanta. AZA Communique. July:26.
FRY,D.B. 1913. On a Varanus and a frog from Burnett River Queensland and a revision of the variations in Lymnodynastes dorsalis. Rec. Aus.Mus. 10:17-30.
FRYE,F.L. 1991. Reptile care: An atlas of diseases and treatments. T.F.H., Neptune City.
FUCHS,K. 1977. Histologie und mikroskopische Anatomie der Haut des Bindenwarans (Varanus salvator). Stutt.Beitr.Naturk. Ser.A. 299:1-16.
FULLBECK,J. 1947. Monitors in the Marshalls. Fauna 9:122-124.
FUNK, R.S. & VILARO,P.R.1980. An English translation of Robert Mertens' keys to monitor lizards, with a list of currnetly recognised species and subspecies. Bull. Chic. Herpet. Soc. 15(2):31-46.
FYFE,G. 1979. Notes on the black headed monitor (Varanus tristis). Victoria Herp. Soc. Newsletter 13:16.ns
FYFE,G. 1980. Notes on the black headed monitor lizard Varanus tristis. Newsl.S.Aus.Herp.Gp. 15 December (Slerpetofauna):15.
GADDOW,H. 1901. The Cambridge Natural History. Volume 6: Amphibians and Reptiles. Macmillan, London.
GALSTAUN,B. 1973. Eiablagen des Komodowarans (Varanus komodoensis) im Zoologischen und Botanischen Garten Jakarta. Zool. Garten NF 43 (2/3): 136-139.
GARRETT,C.M. & CARD,W.C. 1993 Chemical discrimination of prey by naive neonate Gould's monitors Varanus gouldii. Journal of Chemical Ecology 19 (11):2599-2604.
GAULKE,M. 1986.  Uber die situation des Bindswarens (Varanus salvator nuchalis) auf Negros, Philippinen. Herpetofauna (Weinstadt) 9 (44):16-18.
GAULKE,M. 1988. Distribution, population status and exploitation of Varanus salvator on the Philippines. Unpublished consultancy report to CITES.
GAULKE,M. 1989a. Salamandra 25 (3/4): 260-264. Beitrage zur Diskussion uber das Geschlechterverhaltnis der Warane am Beispiel des Binenwarans Varanus salvator.#
GAULKE,M. 1989b. Zur biologie des Bindenwaranes, unter Berucksichtigung der palaogeographischen Verbreitung und phylogenetischen Entwicklung der Varanidae. Courier Forschungsinst. Senckenberg 112:1-242.ns
GAULKE,M. 1991. Taxonomy and biology of the Philippine Water Monitor. English Summary of PhD Thesis. 25pp.
GAULKE,M. 1991a. Mertensiella 2:143-153. On the diet of the water monitor Varanus salvator in the Philippines.
GAULKE,M. 1991b. Systematic Relationships of the Philippine water monitors as compared with Varanus s.salvator, with a discussion of Dispersal Routes. Mertensiella 2:154-167.
GAULKE,M. 1992a. Taxonomy and Biology of Philippine water monitors (Varanus salvator). Philippine J. Science 12:345-381.
GAULKE,M. 1992b. Distribution, population density and exploitation of the water monitor Varanus salvator in the Philippines. Hamadryad 17 December:21-27
GAUTHIER,J.A. 1982. Fossil xenosaurid and anguid lizards from the early Eocene Wasatch formation, southern Wyoming, and a revision of the Anguioidae. Contributions in Geology, University of Wyoming. 21:7-54.
GAUTHIER,R. 1967. Ecologie et ethologie de reptiles du Sahara Nord - occidental (Region de Beni-Abbes). Musee Royal de L'Afrique Centrale, Annales ser in 8, Sci Zool (Tervueren). 155:1-83,
GEORGE,W. 1986. The thermal niche: desert, sand and rock. J.Arid.Envir. 10(3):213-224.
GEORGES,A. 1988. A herp happening. Newsletter Aust. Soc. Herp. Ind. No 30:19.
GILLAM,M.W., CAWOOD,I.S. & HONNER,G.J. 1978.New Reptile records from central Australia - Northern Territory. Herpetofauna 9(2):18-25.
GILMORE,W. 1928. Fossil lizards of north America. Mem.Nat.Acad.Sci. 22(3)
GILMOUR,J. 1984. The reptile skin trade in Bangladesh. Traffic Bulletin 5 (5/6):52-58.
GLAUERT,L. 1951. A new Varanus from east Kimberley. Varanus mertensi. W. Aus. Nat. 3(1):14-16.
GLEESON,T.T., MITCHELL,G.S. & BENNETT,A.F. 1980. Cardiovascular responses to graded activity in the lizards Varanus and Iguana. Am. J. Physiol. 239:R174-179
GLEESON,T.T. 1981. Preferred body temperature. aerobic scope and activity capacity in the water monitor Varanus salvator. Physiol.Zool. 54(4):423-429.
GLAZEBROOK,R. 1977. Old man goanna. North Queensland Nat. 44 (170):4-6.
GOGERLEY,H. 1922. Early breeding of ground or low nesting birds. Emu 21:222-223.
GORELOV,Y.K. 1971.Concerning the toxicity of Varanus griseus saliva. Izv. Akad. Nauk. Turkmen SSR (Biol.). 6 (1):75-76
GORMAN,D. 1993. Breeding the Bengal monitor in captivity.  Varanews 3(4):2.
GOULBURNITE. 1908. A bird enemy - the goanna. The Argus 5 December. Reprinted in Emu 1909 8: 157-158.
GOW,G.F. 1981a. Checklist of reptiles and amphibians in northern and southern Sectors of Northern Territory. North. Terr. Nat. 1(4):16-19.
GOW,G.F. 1981b. Herpetofauna of Groote Eylandt, Northern Territory. Aus. J. Herpet. 1 (2): 62-70.
GOW,G.F. 1982  . Notes on the reproductive biology of the pygmy mulga monitor Varanus gilleni. N.T. Naturalist 1982 (5):2-4
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The Butaan Project
Monitoring Individuals 1

butaan1.jpgButaan are so shy they frequently remain in a tree for more than a week after being frightened. A large male we rescued from a trap hid in a tree for 22 days before coming down!* . Most lizards do not appear traumatised by being caught and released by scientists, and resume normal activity very quickly. But we think that butaan, especially older individuals, may permanently alter their activity areas after such an encounter. Because the animals are so shy, and highly vulnerable to human disturbance, we have had to develop a range of techniques that allow us to learn about them with the absolute minimum of interference.





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