Quick Links
Home Page
Site Map
Search Mampam.com
       You are here: Home > Varanus Species A-Z > Little Book of Monitors > Bibliography of Monitor Lizards
Main Menu
About Mampam
Viper Press
Contact Us
Book Reviews
Varanus Species A-Z
Butaan Project
Savannah Monitors
Bui Hippo Project
Frogs of Coorg
Polillo Project
Madagascar Bats
Western Visayas
Monitor Lizards


Print E-mail

GROVES,J. 1984. Water monitor hatched. Chicago Herp. Soc. Newsletter October 1984.
GRUNDKE,F.D. & GRUNDKE,B. 1992. Feldherpetologische Beitrage zur Fauna Australiens. Teil 2: Beobachtungen an Varanus varius in New South Wales und Queensland, unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der gebanderten Farbphase. Herpetofauna (Weinsdadt) 14 (80):11-22.
GRUNDKE,F.D. & GRUNDKE,B. 1992b. Feldherpetologische Beitrage zur Fauna Australiens. Teil 3: Zur kenntnis des Varanus gouldii-Komplexes in Northern Territory und Queensland. Herpetofauna (Weinsdadt) 14 (81):11-19.
HAAGNER,G.V.,R.J.HALL & W.R.BRANCH. 1993. Varanus niloticus niloticus. Nile monitor. Size. J.Herpet.Ass.Africa 42:38.
HAAS,G.1951.On the present state of our knowledge of the hepetofauna of Palestine. Bull.Res.Coun.Israel. 1(3):67-93.
HAAS,G. 1957. Some amphibia and reptiles from Arabia. Proc.Calif.Acad.Sci. 4(294):47-86.
HAAS,G. & BATTERSBY,J.C. 1959. Amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Copeia.  (3): 198-202.
HABERLE,H. 1976. Warane und einige Hinweise fur die Pflege. Das Aquarium 85(Juli):318-320.
HABERLE,H. 1976. Warane eine Zusammenfassung mit Kurzbeschrelbung. Das Aquarium. 9(87):409-415.
HAFEZ,H. 1978. List of Amphibians and reptiles in Egypt. Endangered Species Conservation Report, Zoological Gardens, Giza.
HAGEDOORN,F.H.J. 1985. Herpetological observations in Togo. Lacerta 43(6):115-117.
HAGIST,W. 1958. Aquar. Terrar. Z. 11(12):374-375  Mein Varanus griseus.
HAGIST,W. 1964. Varanus griseus und Iguana iguana in einem kombinierten Zimmer-Terrarium. Aquar.Terrar.Z. 17:118-121.
HAINES,R.W. 1952. The shoulder joint of lizards and the primitive reptilian shoulder mechanism. Journal of Anatomy 86:412-422.
HAIRSTON,C. & BURCHFIELD,P. 1990. A sustained captive breeding programme for a large varanid lizard Varanus salvator at the Gladys Porter Zoo. AAZPA Regional Proceedings 1990:22-28.
HAIRSTON,C.S. & BURCHFIELD,P.M. 1992. The reproduction and husbandry of the water monitor Varanus salvator at the Gladys Porter Zoo, Brownsville. Int. Zoo Yrbk. 31:124-130
HALL,P.M. & JOHNSON,D.R. 1987. Nesting behaviour of Crocodylus novaeguineae in Lake Murray District, Papua New Guinea. Herpetologica 43; 249-258.
HANINGER-BERLIN,B. 1993. Erstnachzucht von Varanus gouldii gouldii. Monitor 2(2):25-30.
HARDWICKE,T. & GREY,J.E. 1827. Zool. Journal (April/July):213-229. A synopsis of the species of saurian reptiles collected in India by Major General Hardwicke. Zool. Journal (April/July):213-229
HARRIS,M. 1985. Goanna oil survives the test of time well. The Weekend Australian 12-13 January 1985.
HARRISON,J.L.1955. The age of a monitor lizard. Malay.Nat.J. 9:134-135.
HARRISON,J.L. & LIM,B.L. 1957. Monitors of Malaya. Malay Nat.J. 12 (1): 1-10.
HEATWOLE,H. 1975. Biogeography of reptiles on some of the islands and cays of Eastern Papua New Guinea. Atoll Res. Bull. 180: 1-39.
HEATWOLE,H. & BUTLER,H. 1981. Structure of an assemblage of lizards on Barrow Island, Western Australia. Aust. J. Herpet. 1 (2): 37-44.
HECK,L. 1955. Der Kaapwaran (Varanus albigularis). Aqua. Terra.Z. 8:190-191.
HECHT,M.K. 1975. The morphology and relationships of the largest known terrestrial lizards Megalania prisca OWEN from Pleistocene of Australia. Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria. 87 (2):239-250.
HEDIGER,H. 1934. Beitrage auf Herpetologie und Zoogeographie Neu Britanniens und einiger umliegender Gebiete. Zool.Jahrb.Syst. 65:441-582.
HEGER,N.A. & HEGER,T.G. 1993. Thermoregulation, activity pattern and home range variation in the large monitor lizard, Varanus giganteus. Abstracts. Second World Congress of Herpetology, Adelaide: 115-116.
HEISLER,N. NEUMANN,P. & MALOIY,G.M.O. 1983. The mechanism of intercardiac shunting in the lizard Varanus exanthematicus. J.Expt.Biol. 105:15-31.
HENRY,G.M. 1912. Notes on the food of the jackal (Canis aureus) and the talagoya (Varanus bengalensis). Spolia Zeylanica 8 (29):70.
HERMES,N. 1981. Varanus mertensi feeding on trapped fish. Herpetofauna (Sydney)13:34.
HESS,J. 1974. The 20th century is no place for a dragon. Int.Wldf. 4(1):
HESSE,G.H. 1985. Interstadial competition for sites of attachment to hosts in a one host reptile tick in Senegal. Acarologica (Paris) 26 (4):355-359.
HESSE,P. 1889. Uber einege Reptilien des unteren Congogebietes. Zool.Gart. 30:257-267.
HINDWOOD,K.A. 1926. The rock-warbler: a monograph. Emu 26; 14-24.
HINKEL,H. 1987. Beuteerwerb bei einer Naja melanoleuca Hollowell 1858. Salamandra 23  (4): 277.
HIRTH,H.F. & LATIF, E.M.A. 1979. Deep body temperatures of the Nile monitor taken by radiotelemetry. J. Herpetol. 13: 367-368.
HOLMES,R,S., KING,D & KING, M.1975 Phenetic Relationships in Varanid Lizards based upon comparative electrophoretic data and karyotypic analyses. Biochem. Syst. Ecol.3:257-262.
HONNEGER,R.E. 1969. Reptiles and amphibians at Zurich Zoo. (Varanus  salvator). Int.Zoo.Yrbk. 9:24-28.
HONNEGER,R.E. 1974. Int.Zoo Yrbk. 14:   Reptile trade.
HONNEGER,R.E. 1978. Geschlechtsbestimmung bei Reptilien.Salamandra 14(2):69-79.
HONNEGER,R.E. & HEUSER,H. 1969. Beitrage zum Verhaltensinventar des Bindwarens (Varanus salvator). Zoologische Garten Leipzig  36(4/5):252-260
HOOIJER,D.A.. 1972 Varanus from the Pleistocene of Timor. Zoologische Med. no.47.
HORN,H.G. 1976 Mangelerscheinungen bei der Haltung von Waranen. Salamandra 12(3):159-162.
HORN,H.G. 1977. Notizen zu systematik, Fundortangaben und Haltung von Varanus (Varanus) karlschmidti. Salamandra 13(2):78-88. #
HORN,H.G. 1978. Nachzucht von Varanus gilleni. Salamandra 14(1):29-32.
HORN,H.G. 1980. Bisher unbekannte Details zur Kenntnis von Varanus varius auf Grund von feldherpetologischen und terraristischen Beobachtungen. Salamandra 16(1):1-18 #
HORN,H.G. 1981. Varanus spenceri, nicht V.giganteus: eine Richtigstellung. Salamandra 17(1-2):78-81.
HORN,H.G. 1985. Beitrage zum verhalten von Waranen: Die Ritualkampfe von Varanus komodoensis Ouwens, 1912, V.semiremex Peters, 1869 Sowie die Imponierphasen der Ritualkampfe von V.timorensis timorensis (Gray 1831) un V.t.similis Mertens, 1958. Salamandra 21(2-3):169-179. #
HORN,H.G. 1991. Breeding of the lace monitor (Varanus varius) for the first time outside of Australia (Reptilia; Sauria: Varanidae). Mertensiella 2:168-175.
HORN,H.G. 1994. Der ritualkampf von Varanus salvator cumingi. Herpetofauna 16(92):27-30.
HORN,H.G., GAULKE,M. & BOHME,W. 1994. New data on ritualized combats in monitor lizards (Sauria:Varanidae). with remarks on their function and phylogenetic implications. Zool. Garten. N.F. 64(5):265-280.
HORN,H.G. & PETTERS,G. 1982  Beitrage zur Biologie des Rauhnackwarens, Varanus (Dendrovaranus) rudicollis GRAY. Salamandra 18(1-2):29-40. #
HORN,H.G. & SCHULZ,B. 1977. Varanus dumerilli, wie ihn nicht jeder kennt. Das Aquarium  11(9):37-38. #
HORN,H.G. & SCHURER, U. 1978 . Bemerkungen zu Varanus (Odatria) gleboplama Mitchell, 1955. Salamandra 14(3):105-116#
HORN,H.G. & VISSER,G.J. 1988. Freilandbeobachtungen und einige morphometrische Angaben zu Varanus giganteus.Salamandra 24(2/3):102-118. #
HORN,H.G. & VISSER,G.J. 1990. Australien, ein herpetologisches Traumland (Teil 1). Aquar. Terrar. 43 (3): 1689-173.
HORN, H.G. & VISSER,G.J. 1990. Australien, ein herpetologisches Traumland (Teil 2). Aquar. Terrar. 43 (4): 230-234.
HORN,H.G. & VISSER,G.J. 1990. Australien, ein herpetologisches Traumland (Teil 3). Aquar. Terrar. 43 (5): 296-299.
HORN,H.G. & VISSER,G.J. 1990. Review of reproduction of monitor lizards in captivity. Int.Zoo Yearbook. 28:140-150.
HORN,H.G. & VISSER,G.J. 1991.  Basic data on the biology of monitors. Mertensiella 2:176-187.
HOSER,R. 1986. Varanus varius in captivity. A.S.R.A. J. 3 (1): 23-29.
HOSER,R. 1993a. Notes on feeding interactions in Australian reptiles. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 23(1):32-33.
HOSER,R. 1993b. Smuggled. The underground trade in Australia's wildlife. Apollo Books, N.S.W. 144pp.
HOUSTON, T.F. 1973. South Australian Yearbook 1973. Reptiles of South Australia; A brief synopsis.
HOUSTON, T.F. 1978. Dragon Lizards and Goannas of South Australia. Special Educational Bulletin Series, South Australian Museum, Adelaide.
HOUSTON, T.F. & TYLER, M.J. 1979. Reptiles and Amphibians. In TYLER, TWIDALE & KING 1979. The Natural History of Kangaroo Island.
HUGHES,B. 1988. Longevity records of African captive amphibians and reptiles Pt 2. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. J.Herp. Ass. Africa 34:20-23.
HUSBAND, G.A. 1979. Notes on a nest and hatchlings of Varanus acanthurus. Herpetofauna 11(1):29-30.
HUSBAND,G. 199*. Captive breeding of the pygmy mulga monitor (Varanus gilleni) at the Australian Reptile Park. Unpublished report.
HUSSAIN,M. 1771. Makhzanal - Advia. Sheikh Ghulam Husain & Sons, Lahore. (in Persian - Urdu translation by A.R. Qureshi).
HYMEM,E.L. 1936 Emu 36;109-127. Notes on the birds of Mernot, Barrington N.S.W.
IGOLKIN, V.A. 1975. Prioroda Mosk. 9:95-96. Varanus griseus in the Leningrad Zoo. (In Russian) #
INGLETON,E.C. 1929. A seven foot monitor lizard from South Africa. Field. 53(213):486.
IRVINE,F.R. 1960. Lizards and crocodiles as food for men. Brit.J.Herpet. 2(11): 197-202.
IRWIN,B. 1986(?) Captive breeding of Varanus gouldii and V.mertensi. Thylacinus 11 (2):4-5.
IRWIN,S. 1994. Notes on the behaviour and diet of Varanus teriae, Sprackland 1991. Mem. Queensland Mus. 35(1):128.
JACOB,D. & RAMASWANI,L.S. 1976. The female reproductive cycle of the Indian monitor lizard Varanus monitor. Copeia (2):256-260.
JAFFRAY,P.A. 1995 (ed) Dragon Doings 6. June 1995. National Zoo, Washington DC, USA.
JAMES,C.D., LOSOS,J.B. KING D.R. 1992. Reproductive biology and diets of goannas (Reptilia:Varanidae) from Australia. J. Herpetology 26 (2):128-136.
JAMES,C. & SHINE,R. 1985. The seasonal timing of reproduction: a tropical - temperate comparison in Australian lizards. Oecologica (Berl.) 67:464-474.
JASMI,A. 1988. Report of licences, kills and exports of Varanus species in Peninsular Malaysia. Unpublished consultancy report for CITES.
JASMI,A., JAMALUDDIN,H. & WAN MOHAMAD WAN ABDULLAH. 1986. Preliminary study on the growth rate and movement of a water monitor lizard (Varanus salvator) at Sungai Tembeling, Taman Negara. Journal of Wildlife and Parks. 5:63-77.
JAUCH, D. 1984. Aquarien Magazin 18 (5): 236-237. Vermutlich eine Weltpremiere: Die Nachzucht des Stachelschwanzwarans.
JENKINS,M. & BROAD,MS. 1994. International trade in reptile skins: A review and analysis of the main consumer markets 1983-91. Traffic International, Cambridge, U.K.
JENKINS,R. & BARTELL,R. 1980. Reptiles of the Australia High Country. Inkata Press, Melbourne,
JES,H. 1994. Erfolgreiche Zucht des Bindenwarans (Varanus salvator). Monitor 3 (1):23-24.
JOGER, U. 1991. Are the Varanoidea the Sister Group of snakes - Biochemical data. Mertensiella 2:188-194.
JOHANSEN,K. & BURGGREN,W.W. 1984. Venous return and cardiac filling in varanid lizards. J.expt.Biol. 113:389-399.
JOHNSON,C.R. 1972. Head-body temperatures differences in Varanus gouldii. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 43: 1025-1029.
JOHNSON,C.R. 1976 Observations on wild and captive Varanus gouldii. J.Linn. Zool. Soc. London 59:377-448?
JOHNSTONE,R.E. 1983. Herpetofauna of the Hamersley Range National Park, Western Australia. In B.G. Muir (Ed.) A fauna of the Hamersley Range National Park, Western Australia 1980: 7-11. Nedlands, W.A. National Parks Authority of Western Australia.
JONES,J.P. 1978. Photoperiod and reptile reproduction. Herp.Rev. 9(3):95-100.
JONES,H.I. 1988 (1989) Nematodes from nine species of Varanus (Reptilia) from tropical northern Australia with particular reference to the genus Abbreviata.   Aust. J. Zool.: 691-708.
JONES,H.I. 1991. Speciation, distribution and host-specificity of gastric nematodes in Australian Varanid Lizards. Mertensiella 2:195-203.
JONG,J.K.de 1927. Nova Guinea 15:296-318. Reptiles from Dutch New Guinea.
JUDD, H.L. ET AL. 1977. Determination of sex in the Komodo dragon. Int. Zoo Yearbook 17:208-209.
KAUFMAN,J.D., BURGHARDT,G.M. & PHILLIPS,J.A. 1994. Density-dependant foraging strategy of a large carnivorous lizard, the savanna monitor Varanus albigularis. J.Comp.Psycol. 108(4):381-384.
KAVENEY,M. 1958. Notes on the brush turkey. Emu 58;152-153.
KEAST,A. 1959. The Reptiles of Australia, in Biogeography and ecology in Australia.  Monogr.Biol. 8. Junk. Haag.
KENNERSON,K. 1979. Remarks on the longevity of Varanus varius. Herpetofauna 10 (2): 32.
KENNERSON,K. 1980. Carrion diet in the lace monitor Varanus varius. Herpetofauna 12 (1):36.
KERN,J.A. 1968 .Dragon lizards of Komodo. National Geographic 134 (6):874-880.
KHALAF,K.T. 1959. The reptiles of Iraq. Ar-Rabitta Press, Baghdad 1959.
KHAN,M.K.M. 1969. . A preliminary study of the water monitor Varanus salvator. Malay Nat.J. 22:64-68
KHAN,M.A.R. 1982. Wildlife of Bangladesh. University of Dhaka.
KHAN, M.A.R. 1988. A report on the Biological and Trade status of Varanus bengalensis, Varanus flavescens and V.salvator in Bangladesh. Unpublished consultancy report for CITES.
KHAN,M.S. 1993. Hemipenal morphology of Varanus flavescens and its phylogenetic implications. Pakistan J. Zoology 25(2):135-138.
KHAN,N.G. 1911. Khawasul Advia. Vol. 1. Khadimul Talim. Steam Press, Lahore. (in Urdu).
KING,D. 1980 Thermal biology of free living sand Goannas (Varanus gouldii) in Southern Australia.Copeia. (4):755.
KING,D. 1981. The thermal biology of sand goannas Varanus gouldii in southern Australia. in Banks,C.B. & Martin, A.A. (eds) Proc.Melborne Herpet.Symp. 22-24.
KING,D. 1991. Mertensiella 2:204-210. The effect of body size on the ecology of varanid lizards.
KING,D. 1993. Diet and reproductive conditions of free-ranging Varanus timorensis. West. Aus. Nat. 19(3):189-194
KING,D. & GREEN,B. 1979. Notes on diet and reproduction of the sand goanna, Varanus gouldii rosenbergi. Copeia. (1):64-70.
KING,D. & GREEN,B. 1993. Dimensions of the perentie (Varanus giganteus) and other large varanids. W.A.Nat. 19:193-200
KING,D., GREEN,B. & BUTLER,H. 1989. The activity pattern, temperature regulation and diet of Varanus giganteus on Barrow Island, Western Australia. Aust. Wildl. Res. 16:41-47.
KING,D. & HORNER,P. 1987. A new species of monitor lizard from northern Australia, and a note on the status of Varanus acanthurus insulanicus. The Beagle. 4 (1):73-79.
KING,D., KING,M. & BAVERSTOCK,P. 1991. A new phylogeny of the Varanidae. . Mertensiella 2:211-219
KING,D. & RHODES,L. 1982. Sex ratio and breeding season in Varanus acanthurus. Copeia 1982 (4):784-787.
KING,M & KING,D. 1975.  Chromosomal evolution in the lizard genus Varanus. Aus.J.Biol.Sci. 28:89-108
KING,M. MEGDEN,G. & KING,D. 1982. A peri-centric inversion polymorphism and a ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system in Varanus acanthurus analysed by G and C banding and Ag staining. Genetica 58:39-45.
KING,R.W. 1962. In pursuit of the white rhinoceros. African Wildlife 16 (2):122-123.
KING,W. 1962. Paleolithic reptile and amphibian remains from Niah Great Cave. Sarawak Museum Journal. 10(19-20):450-452.
KINGHORN,J.R.1924a New Varanus from Coquet Island, Queensland. Rec.Aus.Mus. 14:135-137.
KINGHORN,J.R. 1924b Reptiles and Batrachians from South and southwest Australia. Rec.Aus.Mus. 163-183
KINGHORN,J.R. 1928a  Herpetology of Solomon Islands. Rec.Aus.Mus. 16(3):123-178.
KINGHORN,J.R. 1928b Notes on some reptiles from northern division of Papua. Rec.Aus.Mus. 16(6)
KINGHORN,J.R. 1929. Herpetological notes. Rec.Aus.Mus. 17(2):76-84.
KINGSTON, T.J. 1980. Predation by the lace monitor on chicks of the tawny frogmouth. Corella 4 (1):20.
KLAG,K. & KANTZ,H. 1988. Bemerkungen zur Haltung unf Fortpflanzung von Varanus bengalensis bengalensis im der Terrarium. Herpetofauna (Weinstadt) 10 (52):21-24.
KLEE,O. 1972. Urbilder der Drachen - die Warane. Aquarien Magazin 6 (8): 320 - 323.
KOCH,L.E. 1970. .Predation of the scorpion Urodacus hoplurus  by the lizard Varanus gouldii. W.Aus.Nat. 11(5):120
KOFRON,C.P. 1989. Nesting ecology of the Nile Crocodile, Crocodylus niloticus. Afr. J. Ecol. 27:335-341
KOHLER,G. 1992. Haufige Todesurachen bei waranen und Krustenechsen. Monitor/Frankfurt 1(1):38-41.
KOK,R. 1993. Gelungene Zucht des Pazifik-Warans (Varanus indicus). Monitor (Frankfurt) 2 (2):31
KOK,R. 1995. Weitere Angaben zur wiederholten Zucht beim PazifikWaran (Varanus indicus). Monitor (Frankfurt) 4(1):39-40.
KRATZER,H. 1973 Varanus  exanthematicus. Aqua Terra Z. 10(1):12.
KRATZER,H. 1973. Beobachtung uber die Zeitigungsdauer eines Geleges von Varanus salvator. Salamandra 9(1):27-31.#
KREBS,U. 1979. Der Dumeril-Waran (Varanus dumerilli), ein spezialisierter Krabbenfresser? Salamandra 15(3):146-157.
KREBS,U. 1991. Mertensiella 2:220-232. Ethology and Learning; from Observation to Semi-Natural Experiment.
KREFFT,G. 1886. On the vertebrated animals of the lower Murray and Darling, their habits, economy and geographical distribution. Trans.Philos.Soc.N.S.W. 1862-1865: 1-33.
KRISHNA,C. & DAVE,K. 1956. On the distribution of reptiles in the Rajasthan desert. Indian. Sci.Cong.Ass. 43rd. 4: 34-35.
KRISHNAN,M. 1992. The common monitor. Cobra 8 (April-June):3-6.
KRONEN,D. 1983. A preliminary bibliography of the Varanidae to 1974. Bull. Chic.Herpet.Soc. 18 (3/4):96-110.
KUCHLING,G. 1971.Varanus niloticus - wie ich zu meinen Drachen kam. Aqua Terra Z. 24:315-316.
KUKOL,Z. 1993.  Captive Varanus indicus egg deposition. Varanews 3(3):5
KULSHRESHTHA,V.V. & R.A. KHAN 1988. Effect of masking of parietal eye on cloacal temperature in Varanus monitor. Ind. J. Exp.Biol. 26:790-791.
KURTEN,B. 1969. Scientific American. 220 (3):  ****
LAMBERTZ,K. 1993. Nachzucht von Varanus timorensis similis. Monitor 2(2):32.
LAMBERTZ,K. 1994. Haltung und Zucht von Varanus similis. Elaphe 2 (2):16-17.ns
LAMBERTZ,K. 1995. Haltung und Zucht des Timorwarans (Varanus timorensis) mit verschiedenen Zuchtgruppen. Monitor (Frankfurt) 4(1):30-38.
LAMBIRIS,A.J.L. 1966. Observations on Rhodesian reptiles. J.Herpet.Ass.Afr. (2):33-35.
LANCELOT,P.1967. A kabaragoya and his dinner. Loris 11:104-105
LANDSMEER,J.M.F. 1981. Digital morphology in Varanus and Iguana. Journal of Morphology 168;289-295.
LANDSMEER,J.M.F. 1986. A comparison of finger and hand in Varanus, opossum and primates. Act.Morph. Neerlando Scandinavia 24(3):193-221.ns
LANDSMEER,J.M.F. 1987. The hand and hominisation. Act.Morph. Neerlando Scandinavia 25(2):83-93.ns
LANG,D. & BRANCH,W.R. 1990. Varanus niloticus niloticus. Nile monitor. Diet. J.Herp.Ass.Africa 37:50.
LANG,M. & BOHME,W. 1991. Remarks on a hyoid abnormality in Varanus bengalensis nebulosus (GRAY, 1831). Mertensiella 2:233-239.
LANGE,S. 1989. Observations on the Komodo monitor in the Zoo-Aquarium Berlin. Int. Zoo Yearbook 28: 151-153.
LAUE,H. 1982. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung von Varanus bengalensis. Elaphe (Kulturbund der DDR) 1: 1-4.ns
LAURANCE,W.F. & GRANT,J.D. 1994. Photographic identification of ground nest predators in Australian tropical rainforest. Wildlife Research 21(2):241-248.
LAURENT,R.F. 1964 A new subspecies of Varanus  exanthematicus. Brevoria No.199:1-9.
LEDERER,G. 1929. Ein zahmer Bindewaran. Wschr. Aquae. Terrar. Kde. 26:19-20.
LEDERER,G. 1933. Beobachtungen an waranen im Frankfurter Zoo. Der Zool. Garten N.F. 6(6-4):118-126.
LEDERER,G. 1942. Der Drachenwarane (Varanus komodoensis). Der Zool. Garten N.F. 14 (5./6):227-244.
LEKAGUL,B. 1969. Monitors of Thailand. Conservation News of S.E. Asia. 8:31-32.
LEMIRE,M. & VERNET,R. 1985. L'elimination nasale d'electrolytes chez les Vvaran gris Varanus griseus. Bull.Soc.Herp.Fr. 36:29-27.
LEVITON,A.E. & ANDERSON,S.C. 1970. The amphibians and reptiles of Afghanistan, a checklist and key to the herpetofauna. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci 4th Series 38 (10):163-206.
LEVITON,A.E., ANDERSON,S.C. ADLER,C. & MINTON,S. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. 264p. SSAR.
LEVSHAKOVA,I.J. 1986. A new Varanus from lower Pliocene of Tajikistan. Tr.Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk. SSSR. 157: 101-116. (in Russian)
LICHT,P. ET AL. 1966. Observations on the thermal relations of Western Australian lizards. Copeia 1966 (1): 97-110.
LIGHT,P., DAWSON,W.R., SHOEMAKER,V.H. & MAIN,A.R. 1966. Observations on the thermal relations of Western Australian lizards. Copeia (1).
LIM,B.L. 1958. The harlequin monitor lizard. Varanus rudicollis. Malay Nat.J. 13:70-72.
LINCOLN,G.A. 1974. Predation of incubator birds (Megapodius freycineti) by Komodo dragons (Varanus komodoensis). Journal of Zoology (London). 174;419-428.
LOHMANN,C. 1910. Ein wutender waran (Varanus griseus). Bl. Aqua. Terra. Kunde. 21:527-528.
LONGLEY,G. 1945. Notes on Varanus varius. Proc.Royal Soc.New South Wales 1944-1945:20-21.
LONGLEY,G. 1947. Gould's monitor (Varanus gouldii) in the vivarium. Proc. R. Zool. Soc. New South Wales. September 1947:27.
LONNBERG,E. 1903.Adaptations of Varanus niloticus for a molluscivorous diet. Ark.Zool. 1:65-83.
LOOP,M.S. 1974. The effect of relative prey size on the ingestion behaviour of Varanus bengalensis. Herpetologica 30:123-127.
LOOP,M.S. 1976.  Auto-shaping. A simple technique for teaching a lizard to perform a visual discrimination task. Copeia 1976 (3):574-576.
LOSOS, J.B. & GREENE, H.W. 1988. Ecological and evolutionary implications of diet in monitor lizards. Biological J. Linn. Soc. 35:379-407.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1933.Report on expedition to Tanganyika.7:Herpetology. Bull. Mus. Comp.Zool. 74(7):197-416.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bull.Mus.Comp.Zool. 77(6): 243-284.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1945. Reptiles of the Pacific world. Macmillan, New York.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1948.New Guinea reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and U.S. National Museum. Bull.Mus.Comp.Zool. 101(2): 302-430.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1953.  Reptiles from Nyasaland and Tete. Bull.Mus.Comp.Zool. 110(3):143
LOVERIDGE,A. 1955 On a second collection of Reptiles made by C.P.J. Ionides from Tanganyika. J.E.Afr.Nat.Hist.Soc. 22(5):168-198.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1956. On a third collection of reptiles taken in Tanganyika. Tanganyikan Notes.No.43:1-19.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1957. Checklist of the reptiles and amphibians of East Africa. Bull.Mus.Comp.Zool. 117(2):153-362.
LOVERIDGE,A. 1959. On a fourth collection of reptiles, mostly taken in Tanganyika territory by Mr C.J.P. Ionides. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 133:24-44.
LOW,T. 1978. The reptiles of Magnetic Island, north Queensland. Herpetofauna 9 (2):10-14.
LUCAS,A.H.S. & DUDLEY,W.H. 1909. The animals of Australia. Whitcombe & Tombs, Melbourne.
LUCAS & FROST 1895. Preliminary notice of certain new species of lizards from central Australia. Proc.R.Soc.Victoria. 7:264-269.
LUCAS,A.H.S. & FROST,C. 1896. Reptilia. Horn Scientific Expedition to central Australia II Zoology: 112-151.
LUNGU,A.N., ZEROVA,G.A. & CHKHIKVADZE,V.M. 1989. Large lizards and venomous snakes from the Middle Sarmation of Moldavia and the significance of the fossil herpetofauna for paleoclimatology. In LUNGU (ed). Fauna and flora of the Mesozoic and Caenzozoic of the Russian platform region. Shtinsta, Kishinev.
LUXMOORE,R. & GROOMBRIDGE,B. 1990. Asian monitor lizards. A review of distribution, status, exploitation and trade in four selected species. CITES Secretariat, Lausanne, Switzerland.
LUXMOORE,R., GOOMBRIDGE,B. & BROAD,S. (Eds.) 1988. Significant trade in wildlife: A review of selected species in CITES appendix II. Volume 2: Reptiles and Invertebrates. IUCN. Cambridge, U.K.pp 182-207.



About Mampam
William Oliver

William Oliver. Champion of biodiversity and its students. So many of us benefited from his advice and expertise. What a character. RIP.


Help Mampam
The Butaan Project
The Butaan Project - Foraging behaviour

butaan7.jpgWe use feces to investigate diet and activity areas of butaan. In total we have examined more than 1500 samples, possibly the largest ever collected for a single population of reptiles.  Butaan and their relatives are huge specialised frugivores, much bigger than any other specialised frugivorous animal in  the Philippines. They need a constant supply of fruit but lack the wings that allow other frugivores to forage in different forest fragments. Large and immobile, the butaan depends on a very narrow range of foods.



© 2020 Mampam Conservation